The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986
In 1986, the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act was passed by congress removing liability from vaccine manufacturers and health care providers. When the law was passed, there were only 7 vaccines in the recommended schedule. Vaccine injury claims were piling up and manufacturers could not keep up with the lawsuits. Due to the lawsuits, manufacturers threatened to stop producing vaccines (some halting production altogether) and health care providers threatened to stop administering them, dramatically reducing vaccination coverage in the US. With a fear of "vaccine preventable diseases" reemerging, the National Childhood Vaccine Injury was passed, and the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program was created 2 years later in 1988.